[In this life,] to love God is something greater than to know Him. —St. Thomas Aquinas
Started by Geremia, January 15, 2023, 08:23:02 PM
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Quote from: wandering_cath on January 19, 2023, 03:10:17 PMmoney is and always has been a creature of the State
QuoteAlthough it is the duty of the prince to put his stamp on the money for the common good, he is not the lord or owner of the money current in his principality. For money is a balancing instrument for the exchange of natural wealth, as appears in Chapter I. It is therefore the property of those who possess such wealth. For if a man gives bread or bodily labour in exchange for money, the money he receives is as much his as the bread or bodily labour of which he (unless he were a slave) was free to dispose. For it was not to princes alone that God gave freedom to possess property, but to our first parents and all their offspring, as it is in Genesis. Money, therefore, does not belong to the prince alone. But if anyone object that our Saviour, when a penny was shown Him, asked: 'Whose is this image and superscription?' and when it was answered 'Caesar's,' gave judgment: 'Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, and unto God the things that are God's ' (as though He meant 'The coin is Caesar's because Caesar's image is stamped upon it'), it is clear to anyone who reads the context that He does not say that the money was due to Caesar because it bore Caesar's image, but because it was 'tribute.' For, as the apostle says: 'Tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom.' Christ therefore showed that the stamp was the means of knowing to whom the tribute was due, namely the person who fought the battles of the state (re publica), and by reason of his dominion had the right to coin money. Thus, money belongs to the community and to individuals (communitatis et singularium personarum). And so say Aristotle in the seventh book of the Politics and Cicero about the end of the old Rhetoric.
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